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 Prognostic Indicators > Performance Standards

Last update: 09/16/2010

Performance Standards

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Eastern Cooperative Oncology (ECOG) Performance Status | Karnofsky Performance Scale 

Performance standards are used to gauge risks and prognosis. They may be used as criteria for entry in some clinical trials.

Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status:

Grade
Description
0
Fully active, able to carry on all pre-disease performance without restriction
1
Restricted in physically strenuous activity but ambulatory (can walk) and able to carry out work of a light or sedentary (sitting) nature, e.g., light house work, office work
2
Ambulatory and capable of all self care but unable to carry out any work activities. Up and about more than 50% of waking hours
3
Capable of only limited self care, confined to bed or chair more than 50% of waking hours
4
Completely disabled. Cannot carry on any selfcare. Totally confined to bed or chair
Adapted from http://www.ecog.org/general/perf_stat.html 

Karnofsky performance scale

 STATUS
MEANING

100%

No symptoms.

90%

Able to carry on normal activity; minor signs or symptoms of disease.

80%

Able to carry on normal activity with effort; some signs or symptoms of disease.

70%

Cares for self, unable to carry on normal activity or do active work.

60%

Requires occasional assistance but is able to care for most of own needs.

50%

Requires considerable assistance and frequent medical care.

40%

Disabled; requires special care and assistance.

30%

Severely disabled; hospitalization indicated, although death not imminent.

20%

Very ill; hospitalization necessary; active supportive treatment required.

10%

Moribund, fatal processes progressing rapidly.

0

Patient expired.


 
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